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2022

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06

【论文速递】制造业领军企业如何培育关键核心技术持续创新能力?


摘要:本文以特变电工为案例研究对象,深入分析并探讨了制造业领军企业培育关键核心技术持续创新能力的关键要素。研究发现:持续的自主创新投入、构建产学研深度融合的创新联合体、建立企业自主创新平台、通过持续重组和并购整合行业关键技术和创新资源、汇聚与整合全球创新资源并融入全球创新链和产业链、持续引进与培养科技领军人才是培育关键核心技术持续创新能力的关键要素。同时,中央和地方各级政府的支持是培育关键核心技术持续创新能力的重要推动力。本文拓展了企业创新能力培育以及持续创新等的相关研究,并为我国关键核心技术突破的实践提供了启示。

 

关键词:制造业领军企业;关键核心技术;持续创新能力;技术突破

 

Abstract:  China′s manufacturing industry has the most complete industrial system in the world at present, ranking first in the world in terms of scale for 10 consecutive years. However, China′s manufacturing industry is still large but not strong, and key core technologies are "stuck", which has become the key to hinder China from becoming a world power in science and technology. Key core technologies are important tools of our country, which are of great significance for promoting the high-quality development of China′s economy and ensuring national security. Besides, cultivating key core technology innovation capabilities is the key to achieving breakthroughs in key core technologies. Therefore, under the urgent situation, how leading manufacturing companies cultivate continuous innovation capabilities in key core technologies has become an important issue that needs to be solved urgently. 

At present, the research on key core technologies is still in its infancy. The existing literature is mainly limited to newspapers, news, and policy documents, while rigorous academic research is obviously insufficient. In particular, there is a lack of rigorous academic research on how companies can cultivate continuous innovation capabilities in key core technologies. Besides, although the research on the cultivation of enterprise innovation capacities has made some progress, these studies mainly focus on the cultivation of firm technological innovation capacities, independent innovation capacities, and strategic innovation capacities. Moreover, there is insufficient discussion on the cultivation of enterprise continuous innovation capacities, especially the lack of in-depth analysis of continuous innovation capabilities in key core technologies of leading manufacturing companies. In general, the existing research has not been able to answer the question of how Chinese leading manufacturing companies cultivate continuous innovation capabilities in key core technologies.

TBEA has continuously achieved major breakthroughs in key core technologies by cultivating continuous innovation capabilities in key core technologies, and has continuously broken foreign technology blockades and market monopolies. Therefore, this study takes TBEA as the example, and deeply explores the key elements of leading manufacturing companies to cultivate continuous innovation capacities in key core technologies. This study reveals that continuous investment in independent innovation, building the in-depth integration of industry-university-research innovation consortium, establishing firm independent innovation platforms, integrating key technologies and innovation resources in the industry through continuous restructuring and mergers & acquisitions, gathering and integrating global scientific & technological innovation resources and integrating into the global innovation chain and industrial chain, and introducing as well as training leading talents in science and technology continuously are key elements to cultivate continuous innovation capacities in key core technologies. Meanwhile, the support of the central and local governments at all levels is the important driving force to cultivate continuous innovation capabilities in key core technologies. 

This study mainly makes three theoretical contributions: First, this study deeply explores the continuous innovation capabilities in key core technologies of leading manufacturing companies, thus enriching the previous research on firm innovation capabilities. Second, this study specifically investigates the key elements of cultivating the continuous innovation capacities in key core technologies, thus extending the previous research on key core technologies. Third, this research discusses the continuous innovation of leading manufacturing companies, thereby adding to the previous research on enterprise continuous innovation. Besides, this study provides enlightenment for leading manufacturing companies′practice of breaking through key core technologies, and provides policy implications for the Chinese government.

 

Key words: leading manufacturer;key core technology;continuous innovation capacity;technological breakthrough

 

文章作者:张树满,原长弘

作者单位:浙江工商大学工商管理学院

西安交通大学管理学院

全文已刊发在《科研管理》2022年第4期

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